Coop Security: Hardware Cloth vs Chicken Wire

Very early in my chicken-keeping adventures, I learned the hard way that there is a big difference between chicken wire and hardware cloth. I now understand that chicken wire is intended to keep chickens confined to an area, not to prevent predators from reaching chickens. My failure to appreciate the differences prior to constructing our first run was costly and my hope is that others can learn from my mistake.
Very early in my chicken-keeping adventures, I learned the hard way that there is a big difference between chicken wire and hardware cloth. I now understand that chicken wire is intended to keep chickens confined to an area, not to prevent predators from reaching chickens. My failure to appreciate the differences prior to constructing our first run was costly and my hope is that others can learn from my mistake.
I was no more than 5 weeks into chicken-keeping when I saw the hawk pictured above, peering in at my new pets. Feeling confident that my flock was locked safely in their run, I dashed to grab my camera to snap this shot. What I did not know at that time was that he had already reached through the chicken wire with his razor-sharp talons, taking the life of one of my 5 week old Silkies. We immediately reinforced the run with hardware cloth and no predator has breached our coops’ security since then.

When considering fencing options for the coop and run, as a general rule, the smaller the openings and the lower gauge the metal, the better security it will provide. This hawk was able to reach in through the large holes of the chicken wire to grasp the chick, a feat he would not have succeeded in had there been hardware cloth in place. Hardware cloth is more expensive than chicken wire, but  the initial investment is priceless given the heartache and financial losses it can ultimately prevent.

CHICKEN WIRE
Chicken wire, also known as hex netting, is a twisted steel wire mesh with hexagonal openings that can be
galvanized or PVC coated.1   A hungry and determined predator,including but not limited to raccoons and some dogs, can tear through chicken wire with relative ease. It is not recommended as security fencing for chicken coops and runs.

Chicken wire, also known as hex netting, is a twisted steel wire mesh with hexagonal openings that can be galvanized or PVC coated.1 A hungry and determined predator,including but not limited to raccoons and some dogs, can tear through chicken wire with relative ease. It is not recommended as security fencing for chicken coops and runs.
Chicken wire is very flexible and good for making temporary structures designed to keep chickens confined, but it will not stop predators from gaining access to chickens.
Chicken wire is very flexible and good for making temporary structures designed to keep  chickens confined, but it will not stop predators from gaining access to chickens.


HARDWARE CLOTH
Hardware cloth is wire mesh that consists of either woven or welded wires in a square or rectangular grid that is available in galvanized, stainless steel and bare steel.2  It is manufactured from a stronger gauge metal than chicken wire, (the smaller the gauge, the stronger the mesh) making it a much better choice for flock protection. 1/2″ to 1/4″ galvanized hardware cloth is typically recommended for coops and chicken runs.

Galvanized steel, wire mesh hardware cloth 
 Hardware cloth is wire mesh that consists of either woven or welded wires in a square or rectangular grid that is available in galvanized, stainless steel and bare steel.2 It is manufactured from a stronger gauge metal than chicken wire, (the smaller the gauge, the stronger the mesh) making it a much better choice for flock protection. 1/2" to 1/4" galvanized hardware cloth is typically recommended for coops and chicken runs.
HARDWARE CLOTH INSTALLATION BEST PRACTICES

1. Bury hardware cloth to deter diggers. To protect chickens from predators such as raccoons and dogs, hardware cloth should be buried at least 12 inches into the ground around the perimeter of the coop and run OR buried underneath the floor of the coop and run. 

The digging predator that made this ditch was deterred by buried hardware cloth.
The digging predator that made this ditch was deterred by buried hardware cloth.
2. Cover all windows with hardware cloth.
Had the window been open and no hardware cloth on the window, this predator would have had a free meal. 
Had the window been open and no hardware cloth on the window, 
this predator would have had a free meal.
3. Secure hardware cloth with screws and washers. Staples are easily defeated by pushing or pulling.
Secure hardware cloth with screws and washers. Staples are easily defeated by pushing or pulling.

4. Seal all openings larger than one inch with hardware cloth. Minks and weasels can squeeze through very small openings and kill many chickens in a very short period of time.

Seal all openings larger than one inch with hardware cloth. Minks and weasels can squeeze through very small openings and kill many chickens in a very short period of time.

Sources:

Both illustrations of chicken wire and hardware cloth are from meshdirect.co.uk

The Chicken Chick is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com

Kathy Shea Mormino, The Chicken Chick®

Comments

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Lillypond
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Thank you, what an awesome job you have done, I now have you as one of my favorites!

Joann Lega
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Thank you for all your wonderful information. We started our chicken adventure in July and love the birds. Last night a raccoon breached our barn and killed Gigi, a gorgeous Polish Bantam; Tootsie, a regal silkie rooster; and Daisy, a sweet white version of your Rachel. I have 3 hens left and it is sad. What reputable hatchery would you recommend? My flock was a rescue from a lady that purchased them without checking zoning and had to give them up. My husband and I took on the challenge of raising the chickens and have enjoyed them immensely. The 6… Read more »
TheChickenChick
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I sent you an email, Christina. Now all you have to do is confirm the email subscription request and you're entered!

Christina
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Hi! How to i subscribe to emails?? Am i missing something?? I LOVE YOUR BLOG! I learn so much from you! My chickens are so happy because of everything i read here! <3<3<3 Never stop this blog!

cathy
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Three nights ago, I lost my 8 silkies. We had used 1/2 inch hardware cloth and it was actually chewed through and areas shredded. We are shocked by the destruction, assuming it was raccoons. No signs of digging, the run which is extremely heavy was moved 2 1/2 feet. Are there any other predators that could have done this?? We are looking at options for an electric fence.

clintang84
Guest

Shotgun

clintang84
Guest

Roll it the other way

Chicken Shticken
Guest
Nice article on coop safety. I have probably spent the past three years coming up with ways to tighten security around the coop. Each year some new predator appears. The first was a snow weasel which made it's way in through a 1/4 inch opening. The second was a coyote who decided to stake out my yard, and lastly I had the pleasure of meeting a fisher cat. On each encounter I lost a bird. I will agree that the hardware material is by far better and more secure then chicken wire. I live in a rural community where predators… Read more »
TheChickenChick
Guest

Hardware cloth everywhere.

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