Droppings boards are essentially a shelf designed to collect chicken poop deposited overnight. Most chicken-keepers scrape off the droppings boards (DBs) each morning. I use a 12" taping knife and a big bucket, which makes quick work of the task. Then it goes directly to the compost pile.
DBs can be made from many materials ranging from a simple plank of wood to a repurposed kitchen countertop. Some droppings boards are permanently installed while others are removable. Removable droppings boards make for easy, semi-annual deep cleaning of the entire coop.
Some of the benefits of droppings boards are:
- they aid in keeping a coop clean since the nightly deposits do not pile up in the litter/bedding
- cleaner litter means less frequent changing
- less frequent bedding changes saves time and money
- less bedding in the compost pile means a higher percentage of the compost is nitrogen-rich manure
- they provide a clear opportunity to assess the health of the chickens daily
- they reduce ammonia exposure, resulting in better conditions for chickens' delicate respiratory systems
- they reduce flies by eliminating sources of moisture and odor
- they reduce the risk of frostbite in the cold by eliminating moisture from the coop
This was the state of my first chicken coop when it arrived.
Our first attempt at coop droppings control was to install a droppings pit, which is simply a box on the floor under the roosts that collects the droppings. It is covered by chicken wire or hardware cloth (we tried both) to prevent the chickens from walking in the droppings. This design was short-lived (as were the burlap version of nest box curtains) as it didn't work quite as planned. The droppings didn't fall through the chicken wire as much as they stuck to it. The chickens would walk on the wire and drag shavings up onto it, making a big, matted mess that was a nightmare to clean.
The chickens don't seem to notice it and they tend not to walk on the droppings board as I expected they might.
This is the Little Deuce coop, which can be seen in my here and here. We installed these temporary roosts so the Black Copper Marans chicks could move in but we intended to install a droppings board when time permitted. (They were molting when this shot was taken.)
The position of the nest boxes and pop door (on the right in this photo) presented installation challenges for the roosts and the DB.
We switched over to using sand as litter the same time we installed the final version of the droppings boards. One of the benefits of droppings boards AND sand is that they allow for the removal of a significant amount of moisture from the coop. Removing droppings from the coop keeps it drier, reducing the risk of frostbite, the risk of bumblefoot infections, and makes the air healthier for them to breathe.
I use a 12" taping knife to scrape down the droppings boards once each morning and the coop is CLEAN the rest of the day! The droppings go into the compost pile where they will become the best garden fertilizer available!
One of the useful things about a droppings board is that it provides the opportunity to learn what is happening with the chickens during the night and early morning hours. Sometimes there will have been a scuffle and blood that otherwise would have disappeared into the bedding and droppings will be visible on the DB. That alerts me to look for a victim who may need first-aid or to be segregated from the flock so she has time to heal and isn't injured further.
This particular morning, I found many new feather shaft casings on the DB, which told me that the hens' new feathers were emerging, which is painful for chickens and they should not be handled if at all possible. The removal of the waxy casings isn't painful but the emerging, vein-filled feather shafts are.
Another very important benefit of having droppings boards is that problem droppings are quickly detected. The morning prior to this installment, there were no abnormal droppings seen. Since I know the usual roost positions of my chickens, I knew exactly which hen had this advanced stage of coccidiosis.